Knowing your skin type is the first step to a healthy complexion

Hmm what skin type do I have?

Good skin can make you look healthy. Achieving a clear complexion is a goal for everybody. The appearance, texture and look of the skin are important factors for most people at any age. Understanding your skin type and any previous or current skin problems is the first step in ensuring you use the correct products. So, do you know your skin type?

Teenagers can often have blemishes, spots, acne and excessively greasy skin once they reach puberty, conditions that can have a profound impact on their social wellbeing and confidence. As we get older, our skin starts to loose moisture holding capacity and we begin to develop lines, wrinkles and sagginess. Its something we are all worried about, but that’s life!

There isn’t a whole lot we can do to prevent ageing skin, however there are many things we can do to prolong the healthiness of our skin and it starts with understanding your skin type, knowing how to look after your skin and finally knowing what products are best suited for you. This will change overtime.

Skin type can be broadly put into these categories:

Combination / Anti-Pollution

Skin usually has an oily t-zone but other areas of the face may be dehydrated. Skin presents with congestion and blemishes along the jaw line, under cheek-bones and on the chin areas. Skin may break our occasionally although feels “bumpy”. Skin looks dull, sallow, lifeless and unbalanced. Combination skin type can be accompanied by an overall feeling of sluggishness, exhaustion and “burn-out”.

Oily / Acne

Skin suffers from acne, large blackheads and excessive oiliness. Skin breaks out with pimples and blemishes on a regular basis. Oily / acne skin type can apply to all ages but is most common during adolescence.


Skin is prone to redness, irritation, flakiness, inflammation and itchiness. Sensitive skin conditions include rosacea, dermatitis, psoriasis and eczema. This sensitivity may be caused by an environmental factor or may be a genetic predisposition and can occur at any age.

Mature / Dry / Thin

Skin is showing signs of ageing, loss of skin tone, premature wrinkles, dryness and dehydration. Skin my feel tight and lack translucence. Skin renewal and moisture levels start to drop at this stage of life.

Pigmented / sun-damaged / scarred / enlarged pores

Skin may have pigmentation, uneven skin colouring, fine lines milia, blackheads, enlarged pores, acne pitting and scarring. The skin type may be the result of environmental damage (e.g. sun exposure), chemical damage, (e.g. medication resulting in photo-sensitivity), acne, stress, illness and neglect.


There are many factors and stresses that can impact the healthiness of your skin. One of the more common impacts can be your occupation. Some work environments can cause dehydration of the skin e.g. central heating, air-conditioning or outdoor work. Also the atmosphere could be dusty and dirty causing skin blockages.

Lifestyle is very important to your skin.  If you are too busy to look after your skin, perhaps due to a busy work schedule or if you are receiving a serious lack of sleep, this can seriously impact the external appearance of your skin. A balanced lifestyle is essential to maintaining healthy skin.


Skin care routine is where beauty therapists can play a positive role in ensuring you are using the correct products for your skin type. Using the incorrect products can create long term damage that you may not even know has began.

One of the reasons why we use La Clinica at Sonora Beauty, is the quality and diversity of the high performance products available for all ages and all skin types. We analyse your skin type, and also your health, lifestyle and previous skin problems to ensure we recommend the best product range and treatments for your skin type.

Get in touch today and have your skin type determined free of charge by qualified beauty therapist, Gabriela anywhere in the Newcastle area.